List of Recurring Sources:

AWM: Australian War Memorial Fact Sheet []

"B&J": Jacob Bercovitch and Richard Jackson, International Conflict : A Chronological Encyclopedia of Conflicts and Their Management 1945-1995 (1997)

Bodart, Gaston, Losses of Life in Modern Wars (1916)

Britannica, 15th edition, 1992 printing

Brzezinski, Zbigniew, Out of Control: Global Turmoil on the Eve of the Twenty-first Century (1993).

The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Africa (1981)

The Cambridge History of Africa (1986), ed. J. D. Fage and R. Oliver

CDI:  The Center for Defense Information, The Defense Monitor, "The World At War: January 1, 1998".

Chirot, Daniel: Modern Tyrants : the power and prevalence of evil in our age (1994)

Chomsky, Noam,  The Chomsky Reader (1987); Deterring Democracy (1991)

Clodfelter, Michael, Warfare and Armed Conflict: A Statistical Reference to Casualty and Other Figures, 1618-1991

Compton's Encyclopedia Online v.2.0 (1997)

COWP: Correlates of War Project at the University of Michigan []

Courtois, Stephane, The Black Book of Communism, 1997

Davies, Norman, Europe A History (1998)

Dictionary of Twentieth Century World History, by Jan Palmowski (Oxford, 1997)

Dictionary of Wars, by George Childs Kohn (Facts on File, 1999)

DoD: United States Department of Defense []

Dumas, Samuel, and K.O. Vedel-Petersen, Losses of Life Caused By War (1923)

Dunnigan, A Quick and Dirty Guide to War (1991)

Eckhardt, William, in World Military and Social Expenditures 1987-88 (12th ed., 1987) by Ruth Leger Sivard.

Edgerton, Robert B, Africa's armies: from honor to infamy: a history from 1791 to the present (2002)

Encarta, Microsoft Encarta '95.

FAS 2000: Federation of American Scientists, The World at War (2000)

Gibbon, Edward, Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire

Gilbert, Martin, A History of the Twentieth Century (1997)

Global Security: The World At War []

Grenville, J. A. S., A History of the World in the Twentieth Century (1994)

Hammond Atlas of the 20th Century (1996)

Harff, Barbara & Gurr, Ted Robert: "Toward an Empirical Theory of Genocides and Politicides", 32 International Studies Quarterly 359 (1988).

Hartman, T., A World Atlas of Military History 1945-1984 (1984)

Henige, David, Numbers From Nowhere, (1998)

Johnson, Paul, Modern Times (1983); A History of the Jews (1987)

Kuper, Leo, Genocide: its political uses in the Twentieth Century (1981)

Levy, Jack, War in the Modern Great Power System (1983)

Marley, David, Wars of the Americas (1998)

Obermeyer, Ziad. "Fifty Years of Violent War Deaths from Vietnam to Bosnia." British Medical Journal (2008)

Our Times: The Illustrated History of the 20th Century (Turner Publishing 1995)

"PGtH": Stuart and Doris Flexner, The Pessimist's Guide to History (1992, updated 2000)

"Ploughshares": Project Ploughshares, Armed Conflicts Report 2000

Porter, Jack Nusan, Genocide and Human Rights (1982)

Prinzing, Friedrich, Epidemics Resulting from Wars (Oxford: Clarendon, 1916)

Rosenbaum, Alan S., Is the Holocaust Unique? Perspectives on comparative genocide (1996)

Rummel, Rudolph J.: China's Bloody Century : Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1900 (1991); Lethal Politics : Soviet Genocide and Mass Murder Since 1917 (1990); Democide : Nazi Genocide and Mass Murder (1992); Death By Government (1994),

Sheina, Robert L., Latin America's Wars: The Age of the Caudillo, 1791-1899 (2003)

"S&S": Small, Melvin & Joel David Singer, Resort to Arms : International and Civil Wars 1816-1980 (1982)

Singer, Joel David, The Wages of War. 1816-1965 (1972)

SIPRI Yearbook: Stockholm International Peace Research Institute

Skidmore, Thomas E. (and Peter H. Smith), Modern Latin America, 4th ed., 1997

Smith, Dan:  The State of War and Peace Atlas (1997); The New State of War and Peace (1991); The War Atlas (1983) with Michael Kidron

Sorokin, Pitirim, Social and Cultural Dynamics, vol.3 (1937, 1962)

Timeframe AD 1900-1925 The World In Arms (Time-Life)

Timeframe AD 1925-1950 Shadow of the Dictators  (Time-Life)

Timeframe AD 1950-1990 Nuclear Age (Time-Life)

Totten, Samuel, ed., Century of Genocide: Eyewitness Accounts and Critical Views (1997)

Urlanis, Boris, Wars and Population (1971)

Wallechinsky: David Wallechinsky's Twentieth Century : History With the Boring Parts Left Out (1995).

War Annual: The World in Conflict [year] War Annual [number].

Wertham, Fredric, A Sign For Cain : An Exploration of Human Violence (1966)

White, Matthew, The Great Big Book of Horrible Things: The Definitive Chronicle of History's 100 Worst Atrocities (W. W. Norton, 2012)

"WHPSI": The World Handbook of Political and Social Indicators by Charles Lewis Taylor

"WPA3": World Political Almanac, 3rd Ed. (Facts on File: 1995) by Chris Cook.